Key Vitamins and Nutritional Supplements

Men play an important role in conceiving a healthy baby. In addition to maintaining a lifestyle that is appropriate for fertility, certain vitamins should also be taken to improve your fertility. The mechanism of actions is believed to be primarily through reduction in oxidative stress.

The Hannam Fertility Centre in Toronto recommends the following vitamins and nutritional supplements to be taken in the doses provided, by the male partner in a couple trying to conceive a baby.

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Dosage: 200 mg once daily.

CoQ10 is shown to improve sperm function.

Vitamin D

Dosage: 1000 to 2000 IU daily.

Vitamin D improves granulosa cell function in the testes, as well as improves sperm function.


Vitamin E

Dosage: 400 IU daily.

Studies indicate that Vitamin E and C together improve sperm DNA fragmentation.

Vitamin C

Dosage: 500 mg daily.

Vitamin C improves sperm quality, especially in smokers, and reduces sperm agglutination (a condition where sperm stick together and reduce fertility).

Take along with Vitamin E to improve sperm DNA fragmentation.


Folic Acid

Dosage: 5 mg daily.

When taken with Zinc, Folic Acid has been shown to improve sperm count and motility, and to reduce FSH levels in subfertile men.

Take with Zinc daily.


Dosage: 250 mcg daily.

Selenium increases sperm motility in subfertile men, or men with a selenium deficiency. Even if not diagnosed as either, it's a good idea to supplement or add selenium rich foods to your diet, ex. brazil nuts, yellowfin tuna, halibut, sardines.



Dosage: 60 mg daily.

When taken with Folic Acid, Zinc has been shown to improve sperm count and motility, and to reduce FSH levels in subfertile men.

Take with Folic Acid daily.

Omega Fatty Acids

Dosage: 1500 - 2000 mg daily, or 150 grams of low-mercury fish per week.

Omega Fatty Acids improve sperm concentration and morphology.

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